Saturday, February 6, 2010

Investing In Quality Pumps for Saltwater Disposal in the Oilfields, a Primer

Hi Alex, thanks for your time today!
1-Can you tell our readers about your company and fund? With respect to 2-SWD wells that what operators should keep in mind?

M and M pump and the source consists of three companies: 1. M & M Pump and Supply Inc., Mattoon city, Clay, Illinois that sells oilfield sucker Tubulars and Roces, steel tanks and fiberglass oil field pumps the hammer, positive displacement and centrifugal pumps, pipe, valves and fittings, and just about anything that is used for drilling, completing, or equipping an oil well or gas. We also maintain and repair natural gas engines, pumps, salt water and have a complete inventory of pipe and fittings for fibergass lines of salt water injection. 2. Palladium keeps Co., swap oilfield equipment Clay City, Illinois, construction equipment oilfield, tank
wagons, pipe and test and inspection equipment encasing, the rents frac tank and the sponge, vapors and threading oil field services. 3. Machine and Gear Co., Flora, Illinois McCoy supplying complete machine shop oil field, new and rebuilt pumping units and mobile carts for repair service in the field of pumps and pumping units of saltwater and manufacturing pumps sand from Miller.

In regard to the disposal wells and injection of salt water would recommend running a good sequence Sealtite or CPVC plastic pipe lined to protect against internal corrosion and make sure we protect the annular space between the cover and the outside of the pipe with a good corrosion inhibitor, oxygen cleaner and biocide in liquid or pellet form. If you are flooding the water is safe to choose a good producer for injection well and they seem to do the best injection wells with the best in the waterflood. Needless to say have a petroleum engineer to analyze the field for barrels of recoverable oil and desired rates of injection from the injection well to improve the chances of the best results waterflood. Set a good program for chemical injected water to control the trends of corrosion and scaling. Immediately started is vital to minimizing problems down the road that could lead to excessive traction producing wells and injection in a waterflood. Be sure to have a chemical company to analyze the injected water and produced to support scaling and prevent severe corrosion potential down the road.

"3-What type of pumps work best for SWD wells? How do they work?

Particularly as regards the selection of a well pump for disposal or injection of salt water is defined by barrels per day of water to be injected and maximum pressure required to inject water at that rate. Because most of the injection wells wherever needed (300 to 700PSI) of moderate pressures of injection to the same high pressure (about 2000PSI) a positive displacement pump such as a piston pump or piston or pump style diaphragm is usually required. All positive displacement pumps require good water supply in the product of the pump and is very important to make sure that this is achieved, flooding or oversizing the pump suction or commissioning the pump suction centrifugal pump correctly classified . The pumps of this type are usually operated by an electric motor or gas engine with adequate horsepower to handle the maximum flow and pressure that the pump is under a. The condition of the brake horsepower is calculated by the following formula: Gallons per maximum pressure times a constant minute 000,648 brake horsepower than the same required.

"4-I have heard a lot about the Hydra-Cell pumps and cat, there are other brands to consider?

Some of the most common brands of positive displacement pumps are Gaso, Wheatley, oil well, Gardner Denver, Bethlehem (B-Master), Kerr, Myers, Union, Ingersoll Rand, cat, Hydracell among others. The key to choosing which pump works best for use again depends on the barrels per day to be injected and the pressure required to achieve this. Another key consideration would be having a dealer who stocks parts for and maintain the brand of pump you're buying so that downtime for the pump that maintains and repairs can be kept to a minimum. Hydracell pumps are in most cases less expensive than piston pumps if you can find one that meets your requirements in volume and pressure. These pumps also likely to require the replacement of complétée after 5 to 10 years in service. Large piston pumps such as Gaso, Wheatley, oil well, Gardner Denver, Kerr, B-Master can operate for 40 to 50 years if properly mainained and reconstructed every 3 to 10 years depending on service condition.

Cat pumps fill the place for low volume, very high pressure applications particularly well at a reasonable cost, but the costs of spare part tend to be quite expensive when the needs of the bomb remained. Probably the most important thing you can do to one of the pumps is about developing good preventive maintenance program with particular attention being paid to the condition of the oil at the end of the pump energy. The bombs in this service often work 20 hours per day or more so it is imperative that a daily preventive maintenance inspection is made and fluid change intervals are followed religiously.

"Certain brands have pros 5-Do - and - against?

"6-Any maintenance or ongoing use precautions to take with them the kind of bombs?

# 5 and # 6 - partly answered these questions when responding to question # 4. Other considerations for maintenance. Be sure you purchase a key to the packing gland to tighten the packing of the piston in piston pumps as well as a key to the valve cover style hammer pumps with threaded valve covers. Some pumps use a wrench deep socket packing gland and some require a spanner wrench. In addition to the daily inspection of end gear oil for energy, packaging piston must be pressed if the pistons are leaking more than 3 to 5 leaks by the piston per minute, however it is essential not to tighten the plunger packing too because the ceramic plungers that are generally used in salt water service will break if under heat to 150F and this can occur if the packaging is too tight. It's usually best to leave the pistons run for several minutes after tighten the packing, turn off the pump and then feel the ceramic piece and making sure the plunger is not hot to the touch, if its packaging is probably too tight.

If you have an injection well that goes in and wants to empty their tanks suck dry, install a check valve with a heavy spring aspire not to allow their tanks well below. This will prevent breakage due to the pump plunger that goes in the air and aspired to any BS above its water pump valves. I would also recommend installing a Y-strainer in the product line to the pump to prevent debris cover pumps valves. Be sure to examine this screen on a regular basis and after the starting time for operation of the pump and after 24 hours of initial operation, as there are likely to be ruined again assembled in lines that could block the sieve. When operating pumps Hydracell check the gear oil daily as if you poke a hole in one of saltwater diaphragms powerend have direct access to the pumps. Finally be sure to line large and the product's use of pumps (suction) as few els of 90 degrees as possible to ensure adequate fluid source to the pump. Remember the old adage that 6-90degree els match the bull almost a plug!

¿7-Should an operator indicating that over compensates and buy a pump that is a horse power much higher than that?

A certain amount of safety factor needs to be incorporated into the whole pump and motor design in injection volumes of the event exceeds the original estimates or requires more pressure to dispose of injected water that was originally estimated. It is also wise not work with any pump at maximum RPM recommended because it will lead to higher maintenance costs and rebuild a pump which is operated at 80 to 85% of their maximum abilities. Recommend the design of pump system in 75 to 80% of the pump volume and pressure capabilities. This will allow a certain volume and additional pressure if needed without causing maintenance headaches down the road.

¿8-What is a common problem that you see on the field?

The common problems I see in the field are: A. Failure to properly maintain oil quality powerend leading to powerend expensive overhauls. B. Failure to follow the lines of large suction pump and allows adequate water supply valves to pump product that lead to premature failure of the valve. C. Failure to install a bypass valve in the discharge lines from the pump leading to catastrophic Falur such as a broken crankshaft of the pump is someone forgets and turns on the pump against a closed valve. D. Failure to defend the incoming water to pump and lack of regularly reviewing the display screens in Y-suction, particularly when water is being trucked into the lease by tank trucks (note; A clarification tank is best used when the water is being trucked into the lease by tank trucks.) E. Failure to install a drain cock in discharge line from the pump to reflect bleed out any air trapped in the pump. Failure to follow religious pump inspection and maintenance schedule daily and weekly.

¿9-Please tell our readers about how to handle corrosive liquids in the pump?

Properly to prevent corrosion in a salt water pump, fluid end pump generally must be cast stainless steel or aluminum bronze of 316 that are highly resistant to corrosion. Some pickles are not too corrosive and where there are pressures at high fluid bronze one end provide satisfactory service at a price that is significantly less expensive than aluminum bronze or stainless steel. However, the standard brass has limited resistance to hydrogen sulfide and often quickly eliminated when handling H2S bearing brines. It is also a good idea to chemically treat the injected water for corrosion and scaling trends like this will prevent your injection well tape off and protect your Tubulars hammer.